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Ajedrez y Teoria - Torre activa vs Torre pasiva Skip to content

Ajedrez y Teoria


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Torre activa vs Torre pasiva
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En estos dos finales veremos la gran diferencia entre tener una torre activa, o una torre pasiva. Como podreis observar las posiciones son parecidas salvo la posición de las torres.

A veces más vale entrar en un final de torres con un peón de menos y la torre activa, que no con peón de más y la torre pasiva. ¿Es exagerado pensar así?

(7) Finales de torres y peones - Posicion 1

Posición 1
 

4.Rd3 Rd5 5.Rc3 Rc5 El negro intenta mantener al rey blanco lejos del peón. 6.Ta2! Las blancas hacen un movimiento de espera, ya que su oponente no tiene una jugada buena. 6...Rb5 Si 6...Ta8 entonces 7.a6. 7.Rd4! El rey blanco saca provecho de que el rey enemigo está entretenido con el peón pasado. 7...Td6+ La jugada 7...Txa5 traspone a un final de peones perdido para el negro. 8.Re5 Te6+ 9.Rf4 Ra6 10.Rg5! Ahora se ve el problema de la jugada h5. 10...Te5+ 11.Rh6 Tf5 12.Rg7! Tf3 13.Td2! Rxa5 Ahora las blancas menazan 14.Td6+ y 15.Tf6. 14.Td5+ Rb4 15.Td4+ Rc5 16.Tf4 Si la torre negra se retira, hay pérdidas materiales. Si hay cambio de torres el final esta pérdido para el negro. 1-0

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(8) Finales de torres y peones - Posicion 2

 

Posición 2

4.f3 Ta3+ 5.Rd4 Txf3 6.Tf8 [6.Rc5 Ta3 7.Rb6 Rg4 Ahora el blanco ha de luchar por las tablas.] 6...Ta3 [6...Rg4 7.a7 Ta3 8.a8D Txa8 9.Txa8 Rxg3 10.Re3 +/-/+-] 7.Txf7+ Rg4 8.Tf6 Rxg3 9.Txg6+ Rxh4 10.Rc5 El rey negro esta mal colocado. 10...Rh3 11.Rb6 h4 12.Tg5 Txa6+ El camino fácil. 13.Rxa6 Rh2 14.Rb5 h3 15.Rc4 Rh1 16.Rd3 h2 Y el blanco no puede ganar. 1/2-1/2

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Revista

Enroque nº1

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